How do I set pavers...
Concrete pavers for patios, sidewalks, and driveways are very popular.
Follow these directions to get a solid paver project.
Choose a Design
Pavers come in many shapes and colors.
This gives you many different options for your design.
Stake out the area for your project. You can do this with sticks and strings.
Remove the grass. You can do this pretty easily with a sod cutter. Then you need to dig down to a point where you want your base to start.
We suggest you dig down seven inches. That is to allow for a four-inch base, a layer of sand, and the pavers.
The process is called skimming. Try not to disturb the dirt at the bottom; just skim the top. If you loosen the bottom dirt, it will settle and you could end up with a dip in the patio.
Remember to grade the base away from the house, sloping one half inch for every eight feet. This will help drainage.
You can do this work by hand, but if you have a large area you might want to consider having a subcontractor do the work with a Bobcat as above.
The base material we often used is crushed concrete. This will help build a stabilized bed.
You can get a compactor at a rental store. Put down half the material, compact it, grade in the other half, and follow with a final compacting.
Some applications will now require a bed of sand to be graded into place. Sometimes the fine recycled crushed concrete is sufficient as bedding for the pavers. Whatever base material and bedding material you use, be sure your application is solid and level.
Setting the Pavers
Snap your center perpendicular line before starting the pavers.
Set a row of pavers in what is called a "soldier course" along the outside edge of the patio.
Start the first two on either side of the line and work out from there.
Set the pavers gently into the sand. Don't twist them or push them down.
Set the pavers in sort of a pyramid, centered on your reference chalkline.
Adjust every few pavers to keep them aligned.
After the pavers are set, put the edging on the sides. This may consist of a concrete slide base or a solid material form like wood or PVC.
Now compact the pavers. This is the process of locking everything into place. The compactor is pressing the pavers down, leveling out the tops of the pavers, and forcing some of the sand up into the joints from underneath.
Next fill the joints with sand from above.
This makes a patio incredibly strong.
How do I lay sod...
- Remove the old lawn and/or weeds. Do this by digging them out with a flat-bladed shovel (make sure you get the roots).
- Break up the compacted soil with a tiller. Tillers (also called rototillers) can be rented from your local rental center.
- Now rake the soil to begin to level it out, removing any rocks and debris you find. To avoid problems with excess water-runoff, make sure that any site grading you do, allows water to flow away from your house.This step requires a roller. Rollers, like tillers, can be rented from your local rental center. Fill the roller's drum with water, then use the roller to finish leveling the soil.
- Start laying your sod. Begin on the outer edges. Make sure you stagger the ends of sod, so that the seams don't line up. Think of it as a "brickwork" pattern.
- For a couple of weeks after laying sod, remember to water faithfully every day. If your schedule won't permit this, now's the time to look into automatic irrigation systems, before starting a new lawn.
How do I grade my yard...
- I would give this a second thought. I suggest you get the rough grade done by someone who uses the equipment daily and understands soil compaction.
- The biggest cause of water problems in your yard is improper grade.
- If you have a lot of time and energy the finish grading can be done with hand tools; however, I would recommend letting the pros do this part. Stick to the jobs for which you don't need large equipment. Renting and running heavy equipment without professional experience can result in major damage to your water pipes and septic/sewer systems. These are costly mistakes to fix after your have planted your grass, flowers and bushes.
Don't try this yourself ..
CALL US AT 954 - 494 - 4299
or 954 - 415 - 3340
Swale water away from a structure
If the soil and or sod in your yard is sloping towards your house, you must create proper directional water runoff by creating a swale.
This swale, or ditch, helps in two ways. It draws the water away from the house and acts as a channel for the water. You dig in a swale by choosing a corner of the house and continuing until the natural slope of the ground is falling away from your structure.
Most Floridians live on oversodded flat ground that causes rain water runoff to flow toward their house. Sometimes the ground is so flat that there is no easy way to create a swale or sloping condition.
These circumstances require a professional with heavy equipment to do the job right.
• The existing sod and dirt should be grubbed (removed) and the grade corrected.
• Gravel and/or drainage pipes can be installed underground to channel heavy water flow.
• Gutters with downspouts should be installed to direct the water flow from the roof to the underground piping.
PLEASE NOTE: Downspouts that dump water onto the ground near the house can cause serious erosion problems.
Fill in an Inground Pool
· Check your local town ordinances and obtain the proper permits if required.
· Call utility companies and have them come and mark the ground around the in-ground pool, above the location of electrical lines, gas and water pipes.
· Drain the water out of the pool (Some areas do not allow you to drain into the town/city sewer system)
· Turn off the electrical power at the main box that leads to the pool and disconnect the wires from the junction box.
·Remove the filter and piping and associated parts of the pool
· Drill holes in a grid pattern in the bottom and lower part of the pool
·Break the top coping and the top of the sides into the pool
· Have enough dirt delivered to fill the void of the pool
· The average 30’ x 15’ pool with depths from 3’ to 8’ requires approximately 16 truckloads of fill. That is about 288 cubic yards or 336 tons of dirt.
The average homeowner wheelbarrow is 2.5 cubic feet = 194 trips per truck x 16 trucks is 3, 104 trips with the wheelbarrow!!!!!
...OR YOU CAN JUST CALL US FOR A FREE WRITTEN ESTIMATE ON FILL
· Do not use concrete debris for more than 1/3 rd of filling the pool and then top with CLEAN #1 Fill …DO NOT USE #2 or organic debris filled dirt …That will decay and settle and leave a large depression or hole in your yard.
Be sure to water compact the dirt every 12” as you fill the pool.
You may want to wait a few months to see if the ground settles any further after your compaction before you add a sprinkler system and sod.